Unlike its cousin the Black Mamba, the Green Mamba lives in trees along the eastern coastal areas of the Sub Saharan African region including in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania (including the island of Zanzibar), Mozambique, Zambia and even as far south as the KwaZulu Natal region of South Africa. Eastern Green Mambas are brightly coloured, large snakes with highly toxic venom. The females tend to be around 6.5 feet in length, with males coming in with slightly lower lengths. The diet of the Eastern Green Mamba typically consists of small mammals but also includes eggs, bats, birds, gerbils, rats and mice. They blend well with their environments and are highly elusive snakes, making them difficult to find in the wild, but allows them to take the ambush approach to hunting, sitting and waiting patiently until the optimum time to strike. Like its cousin, the Black Mamba, the Eastern Green Mamba is capable of speeds of up to 7 mph. The Eastern Green Mamba is a solitary snake, preferring to keep to itself except in the mating season at which time the males will engage in combat with other males. The combat tends to be more of a wrestling match to try to determine dominance and a hierarchy, with the males intertwining themselves with other males and fighting to pin the other male’s head to the ground. The combat rarely involves any type of biting, making the Eastern Green Mamba combats significantly less violent than those of the Black Mamba. Courtship of females takes place in the long rainy season from April to June with any eggs being laid in the summer months of October to November in hollowed out trees amid rotting vegetation. Each laying can result in between 4-17 eggs. Hatchlings tend to be an average of 12-16 inches right from hatching, with many reaching the adult colouration once they reach a length of around 30 inches. Eastern Green Mambas in captivity have lived to between 14-18 years, however wild Eastern Green Mambas are likely to live for shorter periods than this due to their various predators in the wild as well as habitat loss and diseases. Predators of the Eastern Green Mamba include humans, Mongooses, Snake Eagles, Hornbills and other species of snakes which prey on the younger Green Mambas. Conservation wise, the Eastern Green Mamba is believed to not be in any danger, with fairly stable numbers being recorded throughout its known territory, but with higher rates of deforestation, this may cause significant risk to the Eastern Green Mamba. The venom of this type of mamba is significantly poisonous, featuring both neurotoxins as well as cardiotoxins. Death from bites of the Eastern Green Mamba have been recorded in as little as thirty minutes from the bite, however depending on location of the bite, a tourniquet has been reported as being successful in stopping the spread of venom.
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